Lexicon of Greek Grammarians of Antiquity

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Hermap(p)ias

(2,152 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 27/04/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Hermap(p)ias | Ἑρμαπ(π)ίας Place of Origin: ? Date: ante 2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: A grammarian named Hermapias or Hermappias is cited many times in the scholia to the Iliad1, in some cases through Herodianus2, who thus serves as a terminus ante quem. The fluctuation in the spelling of his name (Ἑρμαππίας in Sch. Il. 4, 235a1. a2. 21, 331e. 24, 55…

Epaphroditus

(14,674 words)

Author(s): Billerbeck, Margarethe | Clerc, Didier
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Margarethe Billerbeck and Didier Clerc and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Epaphroditus | Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Chaeronea Date: 1st c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Biographical information about Epaphroditus can be found in the Suda1 (ε 2004 = T 1-2 Braswell-Billerbeck), which calls him a native of Chaeronea and a student of the Alexandrian scholar Archias2, who directed hi…

Ptolemaeus [8] Pindarion

(4,435 words)

Author(s): Boatti, Anna
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Anna Boatti and first published on 23/10/2002. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Ptolemaeus [8] Pindarion | Πτολεμαῖος ὁ Πινδαρίων Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Ptolemy son of Oroandes is often also called Πτολεμαῖος ὁ Πινδαρίων, and he lived and worked at Alexandria, where he was a student of Aristarchus1 (he is called μαθητὴς Ἀριστάρχου in Sud.π 3034); this allows us to d…

Archigenes

(573 words)

Author(s): Novembri, Valeria
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Valeria Novembri and first published on 03/05/2016. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Archigenes | Ἀρχιγένης Place of Origin: ? Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: Even the name of Archigenes is uncertain: it appears only in the Homeric lexicon1 of Apollonius2 (123, 14 Bekker), but the 17th c. editors proposed to correct it: 1) to Ἀντιγένης (D'Ansse de Villoison 1773, 1, pp. XX-XXI, 2, pp. 614 and 615) though without ta…

Orus

(11,372 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 20/05/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Orus | Ὦρος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 5th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The Suda1 , which drew on Hesychius of Miletus’2 Onomasticon3, informs us that Orus, a native of Alexandria, taught at Constantinople; we do not know whether his teaching was connected with an imperial post (cf. K. Alpers, Das attizistische Lexikon…

Glaucon [1]

(1,984 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 01/03/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Glaucon [1] | Γλαύκων Place of Origin: Tarsus Date: 3rd c. BCE (?) ↓ To Source List Biography: Glaucon is difficult to identify. He is cited in Sch. Il. 1, 1c (1, p. 4 Erbse) for the oxytonic accentuation of μῆνις, here supposed to be a mistake according to another trend of the ancient doctrine of accentuation (cf. Sch. C Dion. Thr. 169, 12 Hilg.1 πρῶτ…

Attalus [2]

(1,405 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and first published on 31/10/2017. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Attalus [2] | Ἄτταλος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: Attalus is a grammarian of unknown origin and date; Maass (1888, p. XXV, and 1898, p. XIII n. 4) reasonably distinguishes him from the more famous Attalus of Rhodes1. Our Attalus was probably the author of a commentary on the Iliad2, in which he treated problems of a…

Asclepiades [2]

(13,547 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006 - 15/01/2009. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Asclepiades [2] | Ἀσκληπιάδης Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Myrlea (Bithynia) Date: 2nd-1st c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Asclepiades was a native of Myrlea (later Apamea) in Bithynia and lived between the 2nd and 1st c. BCE. He journeyed to Rome in the age of Pompey the Great1, to Alexandria in Egypt, and to Spain, …

Hellanicus

(1,822 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Hellanicus | Ἑλλάνικος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 3rd-2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The grammarian Hellanicus is mentioned in the Suda1 (π 3035 = T 1 Montanari) as a pupil of Agathocles of Cyzicus2, who was in turn a student of Zenodotus3; and as the teacher of Ptolemy Epithetes4 (who was an opponent of Aristarchus of Samothrace5). He s…

Persaeus

(8,614 words)

Author(s): Novembri, Valeria
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Valeria Novembri and published on 07/11/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Persaeus | Περσαῖος Place of Origin: Citium Date: ca. 305-? BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Persaeus was a Stoic philosopher, a student of Zeno1 and, like him, a native of Citium. The majority of the information that we have about him comes from the Historia stoicorum of Philodemus2 ( PHerc. 1018) and from some passages of the section dedicated to…

Posidonius [1]

(2,647 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 16/11/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Posidonius [1] | Ποσειδώνιος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Known from a few surviving fragments, the grammarian Posidonius was an ἀναγνώστης of Aristarchus1, as we know from the scholia to the Iliad2 and Eustathius3, who drew on them ( Sch. Il. 6, 511a. 17, 75a, cf. Eustath. ad Il. 659, 15–18. 1096, 12–15). Thi…

Demetrius [14] Ixion

(9,664 words)

Author(s): Ascheri, Paola
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Paola Ascheri and first published on 24/08/2006 – (02/02/2009). Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Demetrius [14] Ixion | Δημήτριος ὁ Ἰξίων Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Adramyttium (Mysia) Date: 2nd c. BCE (?) ↓ To Source List Biography: Demetrius of Adramyttium, nicknamed Ixion, is a figure whose dating is in dispute. The entry in the Suda1, which is derived from Hesychius Onomatologos2 (δ 430, s.v.), furnishes contradictory …

Ammonius [3] Ammonii filius

(3,697 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Ammonius [3] Ammonii filius | Ἀμμώνιος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 1st/2nd c. CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: Ἀμμώνιος Ἀμμωνίου γραμματικὸς ἐσημειωσάμην: so reads the note found between columns 10 and 11 of POxy. 221 (Pack2 1205 [XII Erbse]; now Pap. Mus. Brit. 1184 = Pap. Lond. 178), a commentary on Book 21 of the Iliad1. The meaning of this …

Dionysius [2]

(7,135 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Dionysius [2] | Διονύσιος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Sidon Date: second half of the 2nd c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: Dionysius was a grammarian1 who probably lived in the second half of the 2nd c. BCE and whom Sengebusch (1855, p. 30) included among Aristarchus' pupils2. He worked chiefly on the text of Homer3, dealing with textual, prosodic4, an…

Sosigenes

(1,039 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 27/04/2011. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Sosigenes | Σωσιγένης Place of Origin: ? Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: Sosigenes is a grammarian known to us from four attestations in the scholia on the Iliad1, where he is cited for his Homeric2 ἔκδοσις (ἡ Σωσιγένους [ sc. ἔκδοσις]). His date remains uncertain (J. La Roche, Die Homerische Textkritik im Altherthum, Leipzig 1866 (repr. Hildeshe…

Tyrannion [1] Maior

(13,790 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006 – 01/12/2009. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Tyrannion [1] Maior | Τυραννίων ὁ πρεσβύτερος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Amisus Date: 1st c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: A native of Amisus in Pontus, the grammarian Tyrannion lived in the time of Pompey the Great1, according to the Suda2 (τ 1184), and he died at an advanced age. In the date given by the Suda for his death, ὀλυμπιάδι ριηʹ, ἐ…

Autochthon

(2,285 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 15/05/2005 – 09/09/2010. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Autochthon | Αὐτόχθων Place of Origin: ? Date: 2nd/3rd c. CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: Autochthon was a Homeric1 commentator of uncertain era but presumably belonged to the early imperial period (2nd/3rd c. CE), as Erbse ( Beiträge, 1960, p. 58) deduced from the fact that he was cited together with Epaphroditus2 ( Sch. Il. 22, 3). To this …

Euphranor [1]

(808 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 03/01/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Euphranor [1] | Εὐφράνωρ Place of Origin: ? Date: ante 2nd c. CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: It is hardly plausible that the Euphranor cited in a note of the Herodian1 scholion ad Il. 14, 372a (taken up by Eustath. ad Il. 992, 55–60) should be identified with the celebrated painter and sculptor of Corinth2 (cf. H. Erbse, Scholia Graeca in Homeri Iliadem …

Demetrius [2]

(13,084 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Demetrius [2] | Δημήτριος Identity: BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Scepsis Date: born ca. 205 BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Demetrius was a scholar and antiquarian from Scepsis in the Troad, and he had a wealthy and noble background, as Diogenes Laertius1, who calls him a φιλόλογος (5, 84) among other things, informs us. Strabo2 calls him a contemporary of Cra…

Menecrates [3]

(695 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 31/10/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Menecrates [3] | Μενεκράτης Place of Origin: Miletus Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: The existence of this grammarian is attested in the scholia to the Iliad1, which cite him once with the ethnic ( Sch. Hrd. Il. 4, 94a1) and state his disagreement with Aristarchus2 on the division of a word (Menecrates regarded ἐπιπροέμεν as one word, whereas Aris…
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