Lexicon of Greek Grammarians of Antiquity

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Nessas

(1,808 words)

Author(s): Ercoles, Marco
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Marco Ercoles and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Nessas | Νεσσᾶς Identity: Pauly-Wissowa Place of Origin: Chios Date: 4th c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: A native of Chios, Nessas was a student of Democritus1 and the teacher of Metrodorus of Chios2 The name is attested also with the variant Νέσσος (Porph. ad Il. 9, 378, Sch. vet. Hes. Op. 77c Pertusi), but the form Νεσσᾶς, used by Diogenes Laertius3 (9, 58) …

Alexander [1]

(7,792 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 06/12/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Alexander [1] | Ἀλέξανδρος Identity: Perseus | BNJ Place of Origin: Myndus Date: First half of the 1st c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Nothing at all is known about the life of Alexander of Myndus, who for a long time was identified with Alexander Polyhistor1. Freudenthal ( Alex. Pol., 1875, pp. 18, 204) first made the distinction betwee…

Hypsicrates

(2,824 words)

Author(s): Perrone, Serena
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Serena Perrone and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Hypsicrates | Ὑψικράτης Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Amisus Date: 1st c. BCE - 1st c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The grammarian1 named Hypiscrates who is cited among others by Varro2 (LL 5, 88) and Stephanus of Byzantium3 (α 124 [Billerbeck], s.v.Αἰθίοψ) can plausibly be identified as the historian4 ( FGrHist 190 [BNJ]) who is m…

Philippus [1]

(7,423 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 26/04/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Philippus [1] | Φίλιππος Identity: BNP | FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Opus Date: 4th c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Very little is known about the life of Philip of Opus (for an attempt to reconstruct it cf. Oldfather, Lokrika, p. 462). The essential information has been preserved by Diogenes Laertius1 (3, 37. 3, 46) and by the Suda lexicon2 (φ 418…

Leptines

(1,792 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Leptines | Λεπτίνης Identity: Pauly-Wissowa Place of Origin: ? Date: 2nd/1st c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: Identified, probably wrongly, by Boeckh (1819, p. 248) as the Leptines cited in the catalogue of the writings of Chrysippus1, this grammarian2 is mentioned in a scholion to Pindar3 ( O. 10, 55b) together with Aristodemus of Elis4 and a Diony…

Democritus

(1,173 words)

Author(s): Ascheri, Paola
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Paola Ascheri and published on 06/09/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Democritus | Δημόκριτος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Troezen Date: ante 2nd-3rd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The two fragments that bear the name of Democritus of Troezen, preserved by the Certamen Homeri et Hesiodi1 and by Diogenes Laertius2, have been attributed until now to the grammarian3 Demetrius of Troezen4, on the basis of two authorit…

Satyrus

(8,999 words)

Author(s): Regali, Mario
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Mario Regali è stata pubblicata il 14/01/2008. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Satyrus | Σάτυρος Identità: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Luogo di provenienza: Callatis Data: 3°–2° sec. a.C. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: La città di origine di Satiro, Callatis, si deduce solo da un frammento del PHerc 558 (T1 Schorn; il frammento è stato reso noto da W. Crönert, Herkulanensische Bruchstücke einer Geschichte des Sokrates und seiner Schule, «RhM» 2 (1902), pp. 285–300, p. 295 e n. 21) ma è con…

Chamaeleon

(12,646 words)

Author(s): Corradi, Michele
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Michele Corradi è stata pubblicata il 07/11/2019. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Chamaeleon | Χαμαιλέων Identità: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Luogo di provenienza: Eraclea Data: 4°/3° sec. a.C. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Originario di Eraclea del Ponto, Cameleonte fu, secondo Taziano ( Or. 31), allievo del Peripato. Con questa figura deve essere identificato il Cameleonte che, secondo quanto riportato da Fozio in un estratto dallo storico Memnone di Eraclea ( Bibl. cod. 224, 9–25 = FGrHist

Persaeus

(8,614 words)

Author(s): Novembri, Valeria
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Valeria Novembri and published on 07/11/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Persaeus | Περσαῖος Place of Origin: Citium Date: ca. 305-? BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Persaeus was a Stoic philosopher, a student of Zeno1 and, like him, a native of Citium. The majority of the information that we have about him comes from the Historia stoicorum of Philodemus2 ( PHerc. 1018) and from some passages of the section dedicated to…

Apollonides

(1,976 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Antonella Ippolito è stata pubblicata il 04/04/2019. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Apollonides | Ἀπολλωνίδης Identità: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Luogo di provenienza: Nicea Data: 1° sec. d.C. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Contemporaneo dell’imperatore Tiberio, al quale dedicò un commentario ai Silli di Timone di Fliunte (Diog. L. 9, 109), Apollonio di Nicea fu autore di opere filologiche di vario argomento. Ad una raccolta di proverbi (Περὶ παροιμιῶν) fa cenno Stefano di Bisanzio (τ 97 Bi…

Demetrius [8]

(299 words)

Author(s): Ascheri, Paola
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Paola Ascheri and first published on 05/06/2009. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Demetrius [8] | Δημήτριος ὁ Στάμνος Place of Origin: Cyrene Date: ante 2nd-3rd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Diogenes Laertius1 is the sole ancient source to mention Demetrius Stamnus, to whom he assigns tenth place in his list of ἀξιόλογοι men who bore the name Demetrius. Diogenes informs us that Demetrius was born in Cyrene, that he was …

Athenodorus

(1,331 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and first published on 21/06/2004. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Athenodorus | Ἀθηνόδωρος Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Tarsus Date: 1st c. BCE. ↓ To Source List Biography: Athenodorus was a Stoic1 philosopher of the first rank (Plut. CMi. 10, 1). Nicknamed Cordylion, “the Hunchback”, he lived in the 1st c. BCE and worked as the head of the library of Pergamum, until, following a visit by M. Porcius Cat…

Theodorus [5]

(1,008 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Theodorus [5] | Θεόδωρος Place of Origin: ? Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: This grammarian is mentioned as the fifth in a series of twenty men named Theodorus by Diogenes Laertius1 (2, 104), who furnishes us with the only secure attestation of him and credits him with a work entitled Περὶ νομοποιῶν, ἀρξάμενος ἀπὸ Τερπάνδρου. The meaning of this exp…

Apollonius [11] Molo

(5,237 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Apollonius [11] Molo | Ἀπολλώνιος ὁ Μόλων Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Alabanda Date: 2nd-1st c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The nickname by which Apollonius was known to his contemporaries appears in the sources both as ὁ Μόλων and as ὁ τοῦ Μόλωνος; this fact, discussed by Riese (1879), is actually only an apparen…

Leptines

(1,638 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Claudio Meliadò è stata pubblicata il 01/11/2018. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Leptines | Λεπτίνης Identità: Pauly-Wissowa Luogo di provenienza: ? Data: 2°/1° sec.a.C.? ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Identificato, probabilmente a torto, da Boeckh 1819, p. 248 con il Leptine citato nel catalogo degli scritti di Crisippo, questo grammatico è menzionato in uno scolio a Pindaro ( O. 10, 55b) insieme con Aristodemo di Elide (=> Aristodemus [4]) e un Dionisio non meglio ind…

Demetrius [4]

(3,479 words)

Author(s): Ascheri, Paola
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Paola Ascheri and first published on 12/02/2009 – (05/06/2009). Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Demetrius [4] | Δημήτριος Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Byzantium Date: ca. mid-1st c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Demetrius was a grammarian of the Peripatetic school1 and his activity has been dated to the mid 1st c. BCE on the basis of his appearing in third place on a list of grammarians named Demetrius drawn up by Diogenes…

Neleus

(4,402 words)

Author(s): Corradi, Michele
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Michele Corradi è stata pubblicata il 01/11/2018. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Neleus | Νηλεύς Identità: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Luogo di provenienza: Scepsi Data: 4°–3° sec. a.C. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Figlio del Corisco più volte citato da Aristotele (cfr. Bonitz 1870, p. 405 e Gottschalk 2000, 809–810), secondo Strabone (13, 1, 54) Neleo era originario di Scepsi e fu allievo di Aristotele (=> Aristoteles [1]) e Teofrasto (<=). Stando a…

Euphorion

(4,558 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Claudio Meliadò è stata pubblicata il 01/11/2018. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Euphorion | Εὐφορίων Identità: Perseus | BNP Luogo di provenienza: Calcide di Eubea Data: 275/268 a.C.-? ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Autore versatile, nato a Calcide all’incirca tra il 275 e il 268 a.C. Secondo la Suda studiò poesia presso Archebulo di Tera e filosofia presso Lacide (a capo dell’Accademia dopo il 241/40) e Pritanide (peripatetico, ancora in vita nel 222) ad Ate…

Andronicus

(5,790 words)

Author(s): Regali, Mario
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Mario Regali and first published on 22/12/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Andronicus | Ἀνδρόνικος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Rhodes Date: 1st c. BCE. ↓ To Source List Biography: Andronicus was a Peripatetic1 philosopher, and his edition of Aristotle’s2 school writings constituted an essential milestone in the transmission of the corpus and fostered the rebirth of Aristotelianism3 in the imperial age. The sour…

Praxiphanes

(7,622 words)

Author(s): Corradi, Michele
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Michele Corradi and first published on 15/01/2007 – 23/09/2009. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Praxiphanes | Πραξιφάνης Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Mitylene Date: 4th/3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Praxiphanes was a Peripatetic1 philosopher and grammarian; he was the son of Dionysiphanes (IG 11, 4, 613) or Dionysophanes (Clem. Str. 1, 16, 79, 3); according to some sources (Clem. ibid.; V. Arati 3, p. 16, 11-16 Martin) …
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