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Scalar Implicature

(2,133 words)

Author(s): Yan JIANG
Scalar implicature (henceforth SI) is a notion developed in inferential pragmatics. Its derivation crucially relies on the existence of sets of linguistic units that form a special implicating relationship. Such a set consists of items forming an ordered set <e1, e2, … en>, in which the following criteria hold: 1. The set involves at least two items. That is, it is neither non-null nor a singleton; 2. Each item to the left is semantically stronger than the ones to the right. A semantically stronger item conveys information that is positively higher in degree, l…
Date: 2017-03-02

Presupposition Triggers

(2,739 words)

Author(s): Yan JIANG
A presupposition is a linguistically triggered assumption that the speaker takes for granted to be mutually manifest between him and the addressee. If an assumption is more explicitly articulated than being merely triggered, it can be expressed as an assertion, which is fully encoded. If on the other hand, an assumption is expressed even less explicitly than being triggered, then it can be conveyed as an implicature, which is pragmatically inferred from a given assertion as an extra layer of com…
Date: 2017-03-02