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Your search for 'dc_creator:( "Jesús de la Villa" ) OR dc_contributor:( "Jesús de la Villa" )' returned 4 results. Modify search


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Adverbs

(2,220 words)

Author(s): Jesús de la Villa
Abstract Adverbs were first proposed as a class of words by the ancient Greek grammarians based on two distinctive features: their morphological invariability ( ákliton ‘without inflection’) and their semantic and syntactic association with the verb, as is signified by their name: epírrēma ‘attached to the verb’ (translated into Latin as aduerbium). However, no common semantic, morphological, or syntactic features have been identified for all the terms traditionally classified as adverbs. Moreover, most adverbs do not have exclusive features tha…
Date: 2013-11-01

Relative Tense

(793 words)

Author(s): Jesús de la Villa
Abstract Ancient Greek developed, at least, four different strategies to express Relative Tense:  word order, lexical expressions, secondary uses of aspectual stems, and modal forms (indicative and optative). Relative Tense reached in Greek a certain degree of grammaticalization in the context of subordination using oblique optative: the future optative seems to have been created specifically to express posteriority in relation to a past reference point. Relative Tense can be defined as any linguistic device that provides information about the temporal locat…
Date: 2013-11-01

Functional Grammar and Greek

(2,383 words)

Author(s): Jesús de la Villa
Abstract Functional Grammar (FG) is a theory based on the proposals by S. C. Dik (1997²). It considers semantic, syntactic and pragmatic factors as equally important for linguistic description. A number of predominantly Dutch, Spanish and Italian linguists have used Functional Grammar as a theoretical framework for Ancient Greek. The most relevant areas where it has been applied are: verb syntax and semantics, sentence structure, discourse structure and pragmatics. 1. Definition Functional Grammar (FG) is a theory based originally on the proposals by S.C. Dik (e.g. 1997²), late…
Date: 2013-11-01

Tense/Aspect

(5,184 words)

Author(s): Jesús de la Villa
Abstract Tense and aspect are two different verbal categories in Ancient Greek. Tense refers externally to the moment when a certain event takes place, be it either in the past, in the present or in the future. Aspect, also known as ‘grammatical aspect’, refers to the internal temporal characteristics of the event, that is, if it is still in its development (imperfective), or if it is considered to be a finished event (perfective), or, finally, if it is considered to be finished but has left some…
Date: 2014-01-22