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Genetic Position of Chinese

(5,237 words)

Author(s): Guillaume JACQUES
1. Introduction Although no linguist has ever claimed that Chinese was a language isolate, its exact relationship was and is still controversial. The main reason behind this controversy is the limited quantity of morphology in Chinese. As Meillet put it:  si l’on est en présence de langues qui n’ont presque pas de grammaire, si presque toute la grammaire proprement dite tient en quelques règles de position relative des mots, comme dans certaines langues d’Extrême-Orient ou du Soudan…alors la question des parentés de langues est pratiq…
Date: 2017-03-02

Traditional Chinese Phonology

(7,649 words)

Author(s): Guillaume JACQUES
Chinese historical phonology differs from most domains of contemporary linguistics in that its general framework is based in large part on a genuinely native tradition. The non-Western outlook of the terminology and concepts used in Chinese historical phonology make this field extremely difficult to understand for both experts in other fields of Chinese linguistics and historical phonologists specializing in other language families. The framework of Chinese phonology derives from the tradition of rhyme (= rime) books and rhyme tables, which dates back to t…
Date: 2017-03-02

Rgyalrong Language

(3,367 words)

Author(s): Guillaume JACQUES
1. Introduction Rgyalrong is a group of four languages spoken in Sìchuān province, People's Republic of China. These languages, along with Lavrung and Horpa/Rtau, belong to the Rgyalrongic branch of the Sino-Tibetan family (Sun 2000); they are likely to be closely related to other languages such as Pumi, Muya, Tangut, Queyu and Qiang within a larger Qiangic branch. The four Rgyalrong languages are known by various names, as some scholars use the Tibetan place names of the area where these languages are spoken, while others use the Chinese transcription of these names. Eastern Rgyalrong…
Date: 2017-03-02

Haudricourt, André-Georges (1911-1996)

(3,048 words)

Author(s): Alexis MICHAUD | Guillaume JACQUES
1. Biography André-Georges Haudricourt was born in 1911. He grew up on his parents’ farm, in a remote area of Picardie. He was curious about techniques, plants, and languages from his early childhood onwards. After he passed the Baccalauréat in 1928, his father advised him to enter the National Institute of Agriculture (Institut national agronomique), in the hope that he would obtain a prestigious position in the administration. But at graduation, Haudricourt got the worst mark of the entire year group (1931): unlike his peers, he …
Date: 2017-03-02