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Medical Services

(704 words)

Author(s): Gradmann, Christoph
Medical Services Under the pressure of the extremely high losses of the first months of the war, and the immobilization of the Western Front, medical services that had initially planned only for a war of movement developed in time into a deeply stratified system of medical care. Stretcher bearers brought the wounded to dressing stations situated close to the front lines. These provided only rudimentary first aid. The next stage was the field hospital, the most important institution for the care of…

Medicine

(5,871 words)

Author(s): Eckart, Wolfgang U. | Gradmann, Christoph
Medicine For medicine as well, the First World War was the first major war of the scientific technical age. At the same time, it was the result of a rapid parallel development of military and medical technology. Losses from war actions exceeded for the first time those from war epidemics.1 This is not only, as is often supposed, because of the increased effectiveness of medicine, particularly bacteriological hygiene, which made possible effective action against typhoid, typhus, and cholera, but also because battles themselves were more dangero…