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Abbreviations, Acronyms, and Initialisms

(2,763 words)

Author(s): Giorgio Francesco ARCODIA
Abbreviations, acronyms, and initialisms are the result of some form of reduction of the phonological shape or orthographic representation of one or more words. Although “abbreviation” is sometimes used as a cover term for any kind of reduction of an existing word or phrase, strictly speaking, abbreviations are purely graphical shortenings, such as, for instance, the English “Dr.” for “Doctor” (Kreidler 2000; López Rúa 2006). “Acronyms” (< Greek ákron ‘tip, end’ + ónyma ‘name’) are generally understood as words made up of the first letters (or, less commonly, the fi…
Date: 2017-03-02

Morphology, Modern

(8,470 words)

Author(s): Giorgio Francesco ARCODIA | Bianca BASCIANO
Chinese is widely regarded as a textbook example of the isolating language type, with little morphology and few affixes (Sagart 2004:123). Moreover, the relationship between form and meaning in Chinese morphology is said to be very straightforward, as it has clearly defined morpheme boundaries, no cumulative exponence and no allomorphy or suppletion, i.e., morphemes usually have a single phonological form (see Packard 2006). This, however, does not entail that the study of Chinese morphology is of little interest. First of all, the lexicon of Standard Manda…
Date: 2017-03-02