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Conditionals

(2,964 words)

Author(s): Gerry Wakker
Abstract In Ancient Greek, conditionals, i.e., constructions of the form ‘if p, (then) q’, are typically introduced by the subordinator ei. Dependent on the mood used and the time referred to, conditionals express conditions whose realization is presented as possible in various degrees, or, in the case of a general or iterative context, as sometimes realized in the situation at hand. Conditionals may be linked to different levels of the main clause (predication, proposition or illocution). Conditionals are subject …
Date: 2013-11-01

Consecutive Clauses

(1,806 words)

Author(s): Gerry Wakker
Abstract Consecutive clauses are also called clauses of consequence or result clauses. They express an (actual or potential) consequence or result of the previous clause: p so that/with the result that q. In Greek they are introduced by hṓste, or sometimes hōs. Two different constructions occur: hṓste is combined either with finite verb forms, i.e., with the tense and mood of independent clauses, or with infinitive or accusative plus infinitive. In most cases hṓste introduces a subordinate clause, but it is also occasionally used to introduce an independent main clause. 1. Definition C…
Date: 2013-11-01

Text Linguistics and Greek

(2,235 words)

Author(s): Gerry Wakker
Abstract Text linguistics is the part of linguistics that studies texts as communication systems. Text linguistics takes into account not only the form of a text, but also its setting, its (linguistic and non-linguistic, situational) context. Text linguistics was developed in order to account for phenomena that could not be described by means of a sentence-based approach. More or less simultaneously, from the 1970s onwards, text linguistics entered the study of Ancient Greek as well. It brought n…
Date: 2013-11-01