Welcome to BrillOnline’s new design! The same high quality content with a new look and improved user experience.


1. Brillonline.com
2. Access
3. Personal tools
4. Searching
5. Fonts, special characters and appearance of the text, transliteration table
6. Library administrators
7. Accessibility

1. Brillonline.com

Brill Online Reference Works and Brill Online Bibliographies (http://referenceworks.brillonline.com and http://bibliographies.brillonline.com) were launched in 2012 and are part of Brill's online resources at Brillonline.com.

2. Access

Through your institution

The content on this platform is not freely accessible. Most visitors may have access to this platform via a library subscription or purchase of their research institution. In most cases an institutional logo will then be shown on each page. Green rectangles before titles indicate full text access, white rectangles indicate no access, in which case only a small part of the content is shown.

Buy access

It is possible to purchase short term access to the whole platform. Click on the green 'Purchase Access' button or click on the shopping cart on the right top of each page. You may purchase access for 1, 7 or 30 days. Brill has chosen Paypal to handle transactions. This can be done using a Paypal account or by credit card. Access is given on entering a username and password and is strictly personal. After completing a purchase you will receive an e-mail with your access details from Brill directly. The transaction details will be emailed to you by Paypal. Please note that purchases are non-refundable. See Brill's terms and conditions for more information.

3. Personal Tools

Take a minute to register for a personal account and make use of a range of personal tools. Find more information about all personal tools here.

4. Searching

See Search Tips for information on searching the platform.

5. Fonts, special characters and appearance of the text, transliteration table

Many of the texts included in BrillOnline include special characters, such as accented letters and non-Roman writing systems, which can sometimes appear incorrectly in your browser. This can be resolved by ensuring that you have a font installed on your computer that includes all of the special characters. The recommended font is Brillonline: Brillonline Roman and Brillonline Italic. Alternatively, any font with good Unicode support will give you all the characters you need. Such fonts include Brill, Gentium, Arial Unicode MS and Lucida Sans Unicode.

A special note for users who browse or search Jacoby titles, the Coptic Gnostic Library and Encyclopedia of Hebrew Language and Linguistics. Some articles contain texts in Syriac, Coptic or Hebrew characters.

  • For Syriac, Brill advises the Unicode font, kindly supplied by Mr. Kiraz, available at http://www.bethmardutho.org/meltho.
  • The Coptic Gnostic Library requires installing a Unicode Coptic font. We highly recommend the Unicode font Antinoou.
  • The Encyclopedia of Hebrew Language and Linguistics requires installing a Unicode Hebrew font. We highly recommend the Unicode font SBL Hebrew.
Further information about fonts and Unicode can be found at Unicode web site or at Alan Wood's Unicode Resources.

The Transliteration Table shows how Arab characters are transliterated into Latin script.

6. Library Administrators

Manage account details

Go to Brill Subscriber Services [subs.brillonline.nl]. Log in with your administrator username and password. (Contact sales@brillonline.com for more information). Brill Subscriber Services enables you to:

  • Manage your subscriptions
  • Manage access details
  • OpenURL preferences
  • Maintain Shibboleth data
  • Upload an institutional logo
  • Create and download usage reports. Brill Online Reference Works is COUNTER compliant and offers COUNTER statistics.

MARC Files

Brill has MARC21 records available for the Brill’s Online Reference Works and Brill’s Online Bibliographies. Each record contains a link to the electronic version of the corresponding title. This link is recorded in the 856-field using registered DOI's (for more information see http://www.doi.org/).
When new content is uploaded, the corresponding MARC21 files will be updated accordingly.

  • Click here to go directly to complete MARC record download for Brill’s Online Reference Works.
  • Click here to go directly to complete MARC record download for Brill’s Online Bibliographies.
  • Click here to go directly to complete MARC record and excel overview download for The Hague Academy Collected Courses Online.

7. Accessibility

The following guidelines were used wherever possible:

WCAG: http://www.w3.org/TR/WAI-WEBCONTENT/

Equality & Human Rights Commission Website accessibility guidance (PAS78): Accessibility-Statement

Principles of graceful degradation will be applied where user experience can be improved with non-compliant techniques. This will ensure that accessible alternatives are available for all core functionality.

The following technical standards are employed: 

  • XHTML: Extensible HyperText Markup Language
  • CSS: Cascading Style Sheets
  • Microformats – where appropriate the following microformats may be used:
    • rel-tag for keywords.
    • hCard for people and organizations
    • xFolk for bookmarks/reading lists.
    • Javascript
    • Atom for feeds/syndication

Browser Support

BrillOnline Primary Sources is best viewed with the following browsers:

  • Chrome 70 or higher
  • Firefox 60.0.0 or higher
  • Safari 5.0.0 or higher
  • Windows 10 Edge
Older browser versions and other browsers are not fully supported and may cause limited functionality.