2. The Historical Causes of the Graeco-Arabic Translation Movement
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In Chapter 3, The Rebirth of Philosophy and the Translations into Arabic

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Translation had played a crucial role in the cultural history of multilingual Near Eastern peoples ever since the beginning of the second millennium BC with the translations of Sumerian texts into Akkadian. The conquest of the Near East by Alexander the Great and the ensuing spread of Hellenism and the Greek language led to two significant developments, before the rise of Islam, in the two major indigenous linguistic and cultural groups, Aramaic and Pers…

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Dimitri Gutas, “2. The Historical Causes of the Graeco-Arabic Translation Movement”, in: Philosophy in the Islamic World Online: 8th-10th Centuries. Consulted online on 21 May 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2543-2729_PIWO_COM_001302>
First published online: 2017



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