Suǒ 所
(3,290 words)

Suǒ 所 is a particle that optionally occurs in relative clauses (1a) and passive sentences (1b) in Modern Chinese.






Lǐ Sì  (suǒ)  ài      de  rén



Lǐ Sì    suo  love  de  person



‘the person that Lǐ Sì loves’






Wǒ  bèi  shìjiè (suǒ)  yíqì.



1sg bei  world   suo  abandon



‘I was abandoned by the world.’

This particle is generally agreed to be a remnant from Classical Chinese or Hànyǔ 古漢語, which roughly refers to the Chinese used before the contemporary period (Yáng and Hé 1992). In Classical Chinese, a similar distribution of suǒ as in Modern Chinese is …

Cite this page
Jen TING, “Suǒ 所”, in: Encyclopedia of Chinese Language and Linguistics, General Editor Rint Sybesma. Consulted online on 22 March 2018 <>
First published online: 2015

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