Bǎ 把-construction
(5,656 words)

The -construction, generally recognized as one of the most studied constructions in Mandarin or Chinese more generally is the neutral term for the pattern containing the morpheme 把 (the DP following is referred to as the nominal).

1. Subject + … +  + DP +… V …

The following examples illustrate some of the possibilities:

2.

a.

我把他騙/打了。

 

 

Wǒ  bǎ   tā     piàn/dǎ    le.

 

 

1sg     3sg  cheat/hit  asp

 

 

‘I cheated/hit him.’

 

b.

他把菜炒爛了。

 

 

Tā    bǎ  cài              chǎo-làn          le.

 

 

3sg    vegetable  stir.fry-mushy  asp

 

 

‘He stir-fried the vegetable mushy.’

 

c.

我把他愛得要死。

 

 

Wǒ   bǎ   tā     ài-de         yào     sǐ.

 

 

1sg      3sg  love-get  want  die

 

 

‘I love him t…

Cite this page
Audrey LI, “Bǎ 把-construction”, in: Encyclopedia of Chinese Language and Linguistics, General Editor Rint Sybesma. Consulted online on 17 January 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2210-7363_ecll_COM_00000030>
First published online: 2015



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