Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics

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Ḍamīr
(3,161 words)

In Medieval Arabic grammatical literature, the concept of ḍamīr ‘pronoun’ (pl. ḍamāʾir) constitutes a subcategory of kināya ‘proform’. The term kināya refers to a nominal substitute realized either as a vague noun such as fulān ‘so-and-so’, kayta wa-kayta ‘such and such’ and kaḏā wa-kaḏā ‘so-and-so many’, or otherwise as a pronoun. Kināya is thus a device used for the sake of vagueness or economy. The ḍamīr, as a special case of kināya, is used as a short version of the noun and often serves for disambiguation. Ibn Yaʿīš (Šarh III, 84) explains that, whereas in zaydun faʿala zaydun ‘Zayd, Z…

Cite this page
Yishai Peled, “Ḍamīr”, in: Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics, Managing Editors Online Edition: Lutz Edzard, Rudolf de Jong. Consulted online on 25 April 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1570-6699_eall_EALL_SIM_0024>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004177024, 20090831



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