Figures (skhḗmata), Ancient Theories of
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The present article contains a brief history of the ancient understanding of figures in language. The ancient Greek term skhêma, ‘figure’, appears in two closely interwoven and interacting, but nonetheless separate, discourses: grammar and rhetoric. Both discourses developed the word ‘figure’ as a technical term: in the discourse of grammar, the word refers to a phonolo…

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Anna Novokhatko, “Figures (skhḗmata), Ancient Theories of”, in: Encyclopedia of Ancient Greek Language and Linguistics, Managing Editors Online Edition: First Last. Consulted online on 22 March 2018 <>
First published online: 2013

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