Encyclopedia of Chinese Language and Linguistics

Get access Subject: Language and Linguistics
Editor-in-Chief: Rint SYBESMA, Leiden University

Associate Editors: Wolfgang BEHR University of Zürich, Yueguo GU Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Zev HANDEL University of Washington, C.-T. James HUANG Harvard University and James MYERS National Chung Cheng University

The Encyclopedia of Chinese Language and Linguistics offers a systematic and comprehensive overview of the languages of China and the different ways in which they are and have been studied. It provides authoritative treatment of all important aspects of the languages spoken in China, today and in the past, from many different angles, as well as the different linguistic traditions they have been investigated in.

More information: Brill.com

Typewriter

(2,227 words)

Author(s): Thomas S. MULLANEY
A Chinese typewriter ( Zhōngwén dǎzìjī 中文打字機; Huáwén dǎzìjī 華文打字機; Hànzì dǎzìjī 漢字打字機) is a manual or electric apparatus used to type Chinese characters. The construction of this machine required engineers and linguists to solve the unique puzzle of fitting a non-alphabetic script containing thousands of characters onto a desktop apparatus with a user-friendly design. Starting in the late 19th century, and continuing through the 20th, there were three main approaches to Chinese typewriting. The first approach was the common usage method, which was p…
Date: 2017-03-02

Typology of Sinitic

(2,070 words)

Author(s): Umberto ANSALDO | Stephen MATTHEWS
The term "Sinitic" has been adopted to encompass all Chinese (or Hàn 漢) languages that descend from Old Chinese (see Chappell 2001). In Chinese, these varieties are classified as fāngyán 方言, often translated as ‘dialects’ but effectively denoting large linguistic groupings which are by and large mutually unintelligible. The various ‘regional languages’ have diverged from each other from as early as the first century CE, beginning with the especially diverse Mǐn 閩 group (Branner 2000, Ting 1999). Divergences within as well a…
Date: 2017-03-02