Encyclopedia of Chinese Language and Linguistics

Get access Subject: Language and Linguistics
Editor-in-Chief: Rint SYBESMA, Leiden University

Associate Editors: Wolfgang BEHR University of Zürich, Yueguo GU Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Zev HANDEL University of Washington, C.-T. James HUANG Harvard University and James MYERS National Chung Cheng University

The Encyclopedia of Chinese Language and Linguistics offers a systematic and comprehensive overview of the languages of China and the different ways in which they are and have been studied. It provides authoritative treatment of all important aspects of the languages spoken in China, today and in the past, from many different angles, as well as the different linguistic traditions they have been investigated in.

More information: Brill.com

Jurchen Language

(1,309 words)

Author(s): Marc MIYAKE
1. General The Jurchen (Nǚzhēn 女真) language was spoken by the Jurchen, an ethnic group whose name was officially changed in 1635 to Manchu by Hóng Tàijí 洪太極 (1592–1643), second emperor of the Qīng dynasty (1644–1911). (Hóng Tàijí predates the official reign dates of the Qīng which did not complete its conquest of China until after his death.) The Qīng was originally called Hòu Jīn 後金 ‘Later Jīn’, a reference to the original Jīn dynasty (1115–1234) founded by the Jurchen who had conquered the Liáo dynasty (907–1125) of their Khitan rulers. It is customary to speak of Jīn Jurchen, the …
Date: 2017-03-02