Encyclopedia of Chinese Language and Linguistics

Get access Subject: Language and Linguistics
Editor-in-Chief: Rint SYBESMA, Leiden University

Associate Editors: Wolfgang BEHR University of Zürich, Yueguo GU Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Zev HANDEL University of Washington, C.-T. James HUANG Harvard University and James MYERS National Chung Cheng University

The Encyclopedia of Chinese Language and Linguistics offers a systematic and comprehensive overview of the languages of China and the different ways in which they are and have been studied. It provides authoritative treatment of all important aspects of the languages spoken in China, today and in the past, from many different angles, as well as the different linguistic traditions they have been investigated in.

More information: Brill.com

Exclamatives

(1,998 words)

Author(s): Linda BADAN
Exclamatives convey that something is surprising or noteworthy (Zanuttini and Portner 2003:47). Exclamatives generally receive a degree interpretation: they involve the placement of an entity’s property on the extreme degree on a scale, according to some contextually determined value (Rett 2008). Exclamativity can be expressed in different forms, e.g., in English using a declarative sentence with a high intonation like You have a nice bike!, a clause (truncated or not) with a wh-element like What a nice bike (you have)!, a simple noun such as The train!, or a simple particle Wow!. The …
Date: 2017-03-02

Existential Coda Construction

(2,485 words)

Author(s): Kristy LIU
Sentences of the form (1) as illustrated in (2) have been of considerable interest to researchers of Chinese syntax and semantics since Huang (1987) brought to light some of their properties: 1.   … (np)  … v  …  np …   xp …           1           2         3          4     2. a. 我們來了一個客人說話很大聲。     Wǒmen  lái-le            yī      ge    kèrén  shuōhuà  hěn   dàshēng.     1pl           come-asp   one  clf  guest  speak        very  loud     ‘We had a guest who spoke loudly.’   b. 昨天發生了一件車禍很可怕。     Zuótiān      fāshēng-le      yī      jiàn  chēhuò    hěn   kěpà.     yesterday   happen-asp   one  clf   accident…
Date: 2017-03-02

Existential Sentences

(1,483 words)

Author(s): Andrew SIMPSON
Existential sentences are commonly taken to be sentences whose primary function is the assertion of the existence of some entity or event in a particular time/place. Most prototypically, in Mandarin this involves use of the element yǒu 有 combined with an NP in structures that parallel English existential sentences built with the verb 'to be'. Due to its occurrence in A-not-A questions and as the single element in an affirmative answer to a yes/no question, yǒu is commonly assumed to be a verbal element (Chao 1968; Li 1990), although it does not allow for combination wi…
Date: 2017-03-02