Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics

Get access Subject: Language and Linguistics
Managing Editors Online Edition: Lutz Edzard and Rudolf de Jong

The Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics Online comprehensively covers all aspects of Arabic languages and linguistics. It is interdisciplinary in scope and represents different schools and approaches in order to be as objective and versatile as possible. The Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics Online is cross-searchable and cross-referenced, and is equipped with a browsable index. All relevant fields in Arabic linguistics, both general and language specific are covered and the Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics Online includes topics from interdisciplinary fields, such as anthropology, psychology, sociology, philosophy, and computer science.

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Dysphemism

(2,065 words)

Author(s): Mohammed Farghal
Dysphemism (the opposite of euphemism) is a lexical resource in natural language, whereby lexemes are created for the purpose of combining denotation and negative attitude via a complex process of lexical compression. Just like euphemism, but with an opposite directionality, the process of dysphemizing produces cognitive synonyms that converge on denotation but diverge on attitude. For example, the Jordanian Arabic lexemes bitsammam ‘he is poisoning himself’ and ingalʿat ‘she has been extracted’ are dysphemistic counterparts of the neutral lexemes bōkil ‘he is eating’ and rawwa…
Date: 2018-04-01