Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics

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Subject: Language and Linguistics

Managing Editors Online Edition: Lutz Edzard and Rudolf de Jong

The Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics Online comprehensively covers all aspects of Arabic languages and linguistics. It is interdisciplinary in scope and represents different schools and approaches in order to be as objective and versatile as possible. The Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics Online is cross-searchable and cross-referenced, and is equipped with a browsable index. All relevant fields in Arabic linguistics, both general and language specific are covered and the Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics Online includes topics from interdisciplinary fields, such as anthropology, psychology, sociology, philosophy, and computer science.

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Wādī Ḥaḍramawt Arabic

(5,964 words)

Author(s): Abdullah Hassan Al-Saqqaf
1. General Ḥaḍramawt Arabic is an Arabic dialect spoken by the people living in Ḥaḍramawt, now a governorate in the Republic of Yemen. It is also spoken by many Yemeni emigrants, who migrated from Ḥaḍramawt to the Gulf States, particularly Saudi Arabia, and to East Africa (Kenya, Somalia, and Tanzania) and Southeast Asia (Indonesia, Malaysia, and Singapore). This entry deals mainly with Ḥaḍramī Arabic in the Wādī region, but occasional reference is also made to Ḥaḍramī Arabic in the coastal region, especially when discussing aspects of phonotactics, a…

Waḍʿ al-Luġa

(2,181 words)

Author(s): Bernard Weiss
The question of whether language arose from thésis or phúsis, so famously debated among the Greeks, never assumed major importance in Islam. Greek philosophers were not concerned with the question of who had established language, but they wished to find out to what extent words reflect reality (sound symbolism). Muslim thinkers were hardly interested in this aspect of the debate. They almost universally agreed that language had its origin in thésis in the sense of ‘imposition’ (this term being more or less equivalent to waḍʿ). Much more debated was the question of agency: who a…


(5 words)

see Pausal Forms

Weak Verbs

(5,824 words)

Author(s): Rainer Voigt
1. Introduction Apart from functional words such as ḥattā ‘until’, li- ‘to’, wa- ‘and’, all nominal and verbal forms in Arabic are made up of three or four essential elements, called radicals. Any phoneme, except the vowel a, can be the radical of a root. To give an example, in Modern Standard Arabic (Wehr 1985), the following roots can be formed from the strong consonants q and l and the so-called weak radicals (i.e. the consonantal realization of the vowel u), (i.e. the consonantal realization of the vowel i), and ʾ (glottal stop): q-u̯-l ‘to say’, q-i̯-l ‘to have a nap after dinner’, q-l-l…

West Sudanic Arabic

(5,604 words)

Author(s): not-specified
1. Arabic of Chad, Cameroon, and Nigeria The Arabic of Chad, Cameroon, and Nigeria forms a broadly homogeneous dialect region characterized by a number of features either unique to Arabic dialects or found only rarely outside of the region (see Sec. 7). Within this homogeneity, at least two clear subdialects are discernible. In the southern fringe of the area, beginning in eastern Nigeria near the Cameroonian border and stretching through Cameroon and on to an as-yet-unresearched border in Chad is what…