Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics

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Subject: Language and Linguistics

Managing Editors Online Edition: Lutz Edzard and Rudolf de Jong

The Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics Online comprehensively covers all aspects of Arabic languages and linguistics. It is interdisciplinary in scope and represents different schools and approaches in order to be as objective and versatile as possible. The Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics Online is cross-searchable and cross-referenced, and is equipped with a browsable index. All relevant fields in Arabic linguistics, both general and language specific are covered and the Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics Online includes topics from interdisciplinary fields, such as anthropology, psychology, sociology, philosophy, and computer science.

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(1,598 words)

Author(s): Rudolf de Jong
Although known as a general characteristic of ‘Bedouin’ dialects – Blanc states that it is found “only in gāl dialects” (1970:127, n. 29) – the syndrome has been reported for sedentary dialects as well, e.g. dialects of the Egyptian Nile Valley, roughly south of Asyūṭ (in Upper Egyptian 1, 3, and less regularly also in 4; see Behnstedt and Woidich 1988, 1985, maps 45–46), and among sedentary speakers of the Najd (cf. Blanc 1970:127, n. 29). In such cases, the gahawa-syndrome is best interpreted as evidence of contact with dialects of the Bedouin type (on Bʿēri or Upper Egyp…


(7 words)

see Ethiopia ; Ethiopic Loanwords


(1,145 words)

Author(s): Samuel Rosenthall
Morphologically conditioned gemination occurs in both the verbal and the nominal morphology. A typical case of gemination is seen in Form II verb stems, shown in (1). (1) Form I Form II k-t-b katab ‘to write’ kattab ‘to cause to write’ j-l-s jalas ‘to sit’ jallas ‘to cause to sit’ Medial gemination in Form II is analyzed prosodically, following McCarthy and Prince (1990a, 1990b). The CVCCVC structure of Form II is understood as a disyllabic template consisting of a bimoraic syllable and a monomoraic syllable (the final consonant is extrasyllabic). The geminate consonant is represented…


(5,906 words)

Author(s): Atiqa Hachimi
1. The nature of grammatical gender Arabic has two genders, conventionally known as feminine and masculine. It has no neutral. In general, masculine nouns are not marked for gender, but feminine nouns may or may not be marked. Every animate and inanimate noun must have a grammatical gender irrespective of whether the noun is marked or not. Gender distinction coincides with natural sex division in nouns that denote animates; thus, nouns denoting female humans and animals are feminine, while nouns denoting male …

Genitive Construction

(7 words)

see Annexation ; ʾIḍāfa

G (Gaballa, Hassan - glottal catch)

(1,876 words)

Gaballa, Hassan Government, Passive (Syntax), Subject Gabelentz, von der Semantic Bleaching Gabès Libya Gabès Arabic Numerals, Vowel Raising Gabrieli, Giuseppe Nisba, Proper Names, Proper Names Gabučan, Gracija Mikajelovič Ḥarf Gacek, Adam Abbreviations, Maġribī, Muḥaqqaq, Nastaʿlīq, Ruqʿa, Script and Art, T̲ulut̲ Gadalla, Hassan Nominalization Gaddafi, Colonel Muammar Political Discourse and Language Gaddo Ethiopia Gadoua, Abdulhamid H. Hamza Gaelic Language Shift: Amazigh Gaelic, East Sutherland Language Loss Gafat Etymology, South Semitic Languages, South …

G (glottal co-occlusion - Gypsy language)

(1,706 words)

glottal co-occlusion glottal replacement Language Impairment glottal stop Analogy, Assimilation, Bedouin Arabic, Berber Loanwords, Bʿēri Arabic, Cairo Arabic, Child Language, Christian Middle Arabic, Classical Arabic, Classical Arabic, Classicism, Convergence, Convergence, Damascus Arabic, Dialects: Classification, Diglossia, Dissimilation, First Language Acquisition, Hamza, History of Arabic, Hypercorrection, Indonesian/Malay, Indonesian/Malay, Iran, Iraq, Javanese, Jerusalem Arabic, Jordan, Jordania…