Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics

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Subject: Language and Linguistics

Managing Editors Online Edition: Lutz Edzard and Rudolf de Jong

The Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics Online comprehensively covers all aspects of Arabic languages and linguistics. It is interdisciplinary in scope and represents different schools and approaches in order to be as objective and versatile as possible. The Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics Online is cross-searchable and cross-referenced, and is equipped with a browsable index. All relevant fields in Arabic linguistics, both general and language specific are covered and the Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics Online includes topics from interdisciplinary fields, such as anthropology, psychology, sociology, philosophy, and computer science.

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(1,499 words)

Author(s): Hassan Salam Bazzi Hamzé
1. Definition The fāʿil (lit. ‘he who does’) corresponds, in the analysis of the Arab grammarians, to the protagonist of the verb. It is the primary element to which the verb relates (Sībawayhi, Kitāb I, 33–34), meaning that the verb “does not go without it” (Sīrāfī, Šarḥ II, 267). In fact, the verb ( fiʿl ) and its fāʿil constitute a pair “each of whose two elements cannot go without the other, and which the speaker cannot do without” ( lā yaġnā wāḥidun min-humā ʿan al-ʾāxar wa-lā yajidu l-mutakallim min-hu buddan; Sībawayhi, Kitāb I, 23). For the Arab grammarians, the fāʿil is a syntactic fu…


(4,445 words)

Author(s): Georgine Ayoub
The root f-ṣ-ḥ is very ancient and is found in other Semitic languages. From f-ṣ-ḥ is derived fiṣḥ ‘Jewish Passover’, also ‘Christian Easter’ ( Ibn Manẓūr, Lisān, s.v.). In some Semitic languages, f-ṣ-ḥ is explicitly associated with something clear, or bright: in Assyrian, piṣū signifies ‘pure; bright’; in Aramaic, paṣṣiḥ signifies ‘pure; radiant’. In 7th-century Arabic the notion refers to something pure, faultless, unaltered ( faṣḥ). The verb ʾafṣaḥa means ‘to become limpid [urine]; to be skimmed of its froth [milk]’; it refers to clearness, to the dazzling morning light ( ʾafṣaḥa ṣ…

F (fa- - Folmer, M.L.)

(2,098 words)

fa- ʿAmal, Conjunctions, Connectives, Deixis, Discourse Analysis, Energicus, Grounding, Jazāʾ, Kalām, Media Arabic, Middle Verbs, Poetic Koine, Polarity, Sentence Coordination, Sentence Coordination, Theme/Rheme, Translation Literature, Word Order fa-, resumptive Connectives faʿal Ism faʿala Middle Verbs faʿāli Interjection, Ism al-fiʿl, Lexicography: Classical Arabic Faber, Alice Dialects: Genesis, Northwest Arabian Arabic, South Semitic Languages fable Proverb face affront Dysphemism face saving Dysphemism facial expression in sign language Sign Languages fac…

F (Fontinoy, Charles - Fyodorova, El’vira)

(1,277 words)

Fontinoy, Charles Pseudodual foot Phonology, Phonology: Metrical foot assignment rule Phonology: Metrical foot dominance Phonology: Metrical foot, binary Phonology: Metrical foot, degenerate Stress, Stress foot, iambic Phonology, Phonology: Metrical, Syncope foot, left-dominant Phonology, Phonology: Metrical foot, metrical Ḥarf, Phonology: Metrical foot, poetic Rhyme, foot, right-dominant Phonology, Phonology: Metrical foot, trochaic Phonology, Phonology: Metrical, Syncope Force Subordination foreground Contrastive Grammar, Grounding, Topic and Comme…