Brill’s Digital Library of World War I

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Brill’s Digital Library of World War I is an online resource that contains over 700 encyclopedia entries plus 250 peer-reviewed articles of transnational and global historical perspectives on significant topics of World War I. This collection includes Brill’s Encyclopedia of the First World War, an unrivalled reference work that showcases the knowledge of experts from 15 countries and offers 26 additional essays on the major belligerents, wartime society and culture, diplomatic and military events, and the historiography of the Great War.

The 250 articles address not only the key issues from political, historical and cultural perspectives, but also engages with aspects of the war which have remained underexplored such as the neutrals, the role of women before, during and after the war, and memory. The chapters have been drawn from a select number of Brill publications that have been published in the last 15 years. Brill’s Digital Library of World War I is a unique digital library that will allow researchers to discover new perspectives and connections with the enhanced navigational tools provided.

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Occupation (East)

(1,730 words)

Author(s): Liulevicius, Vejas Gabriel
Occupation (East) In 1915, the German Reich and Austria-Hungary conquered enormous areas of Eastern Europe, and subjected them to an occupation regime. Among the areas in question were Russian Poland and Lithuania, and parts of the Baltic provinces (now Estonia and Latvia), Belarus (White Russia), the Ukraine, Russia, and Serbia. These conquests were joined by Romania in 1916. As there was no detailed prewar planning for such an event, the occupation was initially characterized by improvisation and ad hoc policies with various different plans being proposed for the future of the occupied territories. At first, still under the immediate pressure of war, the new rulers hoped to plunder the economic resources of the new lands, especially the agricultural resources, so as to relieve the burden on their own home front. Another plan was to use the labor power of the occupied populations, on either a voluntary or a forcible basis. These plans were often implemented harshly, which placed a heavy strain on relations between occupiers and occupied. The occupation had long-term significance for the internal debate on the aims of the war within the Central Powers. The ideas discussed ranged from formal annexation of large areas and the establishment of puppet regimes and duchies to be ruled by members of the Triple Alliance dynasties, to the development of buffer states, which Germany would rule indirectly. Even the concept of a Central European Federation was proposed. An additional function of the annexations in the underdeveloped, agrarian East was to go some way to balance the expected gains of industrialized territories in the West (Belgium), and so to preserve social equilibrium in Germany …

Occupation (West)

(1,527 words)

Author(s): Kramer, Alan
Occupation (West) Occupation is the temporary authority over foreign territory during war. According to international law, a territory is considered occupied when “it is actually placed under the authority of the hostile army” ( Hague Convention Respecting the Laws and Customs of War on Land, Article 42). Not to be viewed as occupation are the systems of government in Ireland, Alsace-Lorraine, the non-Russian part of the Tsarist Empire etc., even though their administrations developed techniques of asserting their authority which resemble…

Of Occupied Territories and Lost Provinces: German and Entente Propaganda in the West during World War I

(9,560 words)

Author(s): Fischer, Christopher
Fischer, Christopher - Of Occupied Territories and Lost Provinces: German and Entente Propaganda in the West during World War I ISFWWS-Keywords: Germany | Western Front | Violence against civilians | International Relations during the War | Belgium | …

Of World History and Great Men: A Japanese Village and Its Worlds

(9,532 words)

Author(s): Dusinberre, Martin
Dusinberre, Martin - Of World History and Great Men: A Japanese Village and Its Worlds ISFWWS-Keywords: Asia | Society | Economy | The United States of America | Politics | International Relations during the War The Decade of the Great War Tosh Minohara , Tze-ki Hon and Evan Dawley , (2014) Publication Editor: Brill, The Netherlands, 2014 e-ISBN: 9789004274273 DOI: 10.1163/9789004274273_019 © 2014 Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands Dusinberre, Martin